вторник, 13 ноября 2018 г.

Кете Қазақбай

Кете  Қазақбай

          XIX  ғасырдың алғашқы жартысында Ақтөбе өңірінде дүниеге келген. «Қырымның қырық батырын» жырлаған. Онымен айтысқа түскен жас Нұрпейіс Байғанин кейін Қазақбайды  ұстаз тұтқан. Бірнеше эпосты содан үйренген. Тәлім –тәрбие алған. Ресей зерттеуші-ғалымы В. Карлсон 1906 жылы 23 наурызда Орал уезі, Жиренқопа болысынан Қазақбай мен Көшелек ақындарды архив комиссиясына алдыртып, олардың орындауында күйлер, батырлар жырын тыңдаған. Осы жолы қазақтың "Көрұғлы", "Қобыланды", "Төрехан", "Алпамыс", "Құбығұл","Қыз Жібек", "Бекет",                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         "Ербақы", "Бозжігіт", т.б. жырлары орындалған. "Қобыланды" жырын қарақалпақтар арасына Қазақбай таратқан. Ақын туралы Е.Ысмайылов, О.Нұрмағанбетова, Қ.Сыдықов еңбектер жазған.

Кете Қазақбай: [Қазақбайдың Нұрпейіспен айтысы] //Асыл қазына: Жинақ / Құраст. Асанов Ж. -Ақтөбе, 2001.-106 б.
Кете Қазақбай: Өмірбаян // Қазақ әдебиеті.Энциклопедиялық анықтамалық / Бас ред. Тасмағамбетов И.– Алматы: Аруна Ltd. ЖШС, 2010.-291 б.
Кете Қазақбай: [Қазақбайдың Нұрпейіспен айтысы] //Адырна: Ежелгі жыраулар / Құраст. Асанов Ж.- «Шамшырақ-Ақтөбе» ЖШС, 2011.- 43 б.    
Қазақбай мен Нұрпейіс  // Қазақ өнерінің антологиясы. 25 томдық. Айтыс. Т.2./ Құраст. М.Жолдасбеков, Р.Әлмұханова. –Астана: Күлтегін.-2014.-280 б.

Қазақбайдың Нұрпейіспен айтысы
                    (үзінді)
Қазақбай:
Қанатым талмай қаршыға-
Жайнап дәурен сүргенім.
Шеңгелім қайтпас шын болат
Шын күйіме түскенде,
Қиядан көзім шалғанды
Не болса да ілгенмін.
Жасым жеткен арыстан,
Дүбірден әлі қалыспан.
Екіталай жер болса,
Таптап жерге жанышқам.
Әркімдер әуес сыртымнан
Қазақбай деген дабыстан.
Жүйріктің жайы көрінер
Алқалы дуда шабыстан.
Тауым қайтып көрген жоқ
Жақын менен алыстан.
Алқалы топта айтыссам
Бергенім жоқ намыстан.
Қамал бұзған қайратты
Қызыл тілім ерікті.
Тарлан тартқан Қазақбай
Қиядан дауыл тұрғызам,
Көмейден басып көрікті.
Шын желденіп желгенде
Өзгеге бермен ерікті.
Жас жыршыны көрген соң
Желігер жерім келіпті.
Қиядан жарды ұрармын,
Екпініме шыдар кім?
Егескенде егеулі
Жыр қылышын шығардым.
Құрлыққа шыққан шынармын,
Айтысуға құмармын,
Азу тісім сақылдап,
Қандай жүйрік болса да
Қос өкпеден сығармын.
Тұяғым болат тұлпармын.
Руымды сұрасаң
Мен Майлыбай Кетемін.
Қашқан жерде құтылып,
Қуғаныма жетермін.
Осы отырған жамағат,
Жаңа талап бағаға
Домбырамды қолдағы
Енді ұсыныс етемін.
Нұрпейіс:
Жырыңды байқап қарасам,
Ешбір жоқ сенің ғапылың,
Жаңа өспірім бала деп,
Жетіспеген шала деп
Толмады ма тақымың?
Өзіңді сонша зор айтып
Мұнша неге тасыдың?
Түлектен шыққан шынығып
Балапан бүркіт мен болам,
Құлағыңды сал, сұңқарым.
Тұяғым тастан қайтпайтын,
Жарауым түскен тұлпармын.
Бәйгелі жерге қосқанда
Жер танабын құртармын.
Қазақбай ақын келед деп,
Сәрсенғали, Құлназар,
Ат жіберіп шақырды.
Қанша бала көрсең де,
Толтырармын тақымды.
Өзіңді зорға санайсың,
Аржақ пенен бержағын
Алыстан орап қарайсың.
Қарағанмен, Қазеке,
Сен бір гүлсіз қу ағаш,
Миуалы мен балдырған.
Сүйексіз қызыл тілімді
Жаңылдырман, талдырман.
Тарлан тартқан көкжалға
Жастығымнан шалдырман.
Қырқып қиып желісін,
Ағынмен бөгеп өрісін,
Кілтсіз кісен салдырған.
Естуімше сыртыңнан
Жырдың ағыс көзі едің,
Айтулының өзі едің.
Сіздей жүйрік шежіре
Іздеген менің керегім.
Аңсағанда алдымнан
Тілегенім табылған.
Тарлан тартқан жүйріксің
Талай топта шабылған
Екпінің күшті көрінді
Тас аунатқан ағыннан.
Айрылмасам бағымнан,
Кесілмесем қарымнан,
Сөйле деп кезек бергенде
Айтарымнан жаңылман.
Тас кесетін алмастай
Жыр күштісі табылған.
Даңқыңды естіп сыртыңнан,
Бір кездессем деп едім.
Дүбірің алып тыншымды,
Жанымды жастай жеп едің.
Әр мысалдан жыр жырлап
Домбыраны беремін.
Жасы үлкен қарт аға,
Қазекең алсын кезегін.
Қазақбай:
Домбыраға үн қоссам,
Әнге жырым жарасқан.
Алпысқа жасым келсе де,
Жерім жоқ бұрын адасқан.
Шүреннен шыққан жас бала
Меніменен таласқан.
Талай айтқыш егесіп,
Тозаңменен адасқан.
Жыр қанаты қомдалған,
Жыр қымбаты талданған.
Етектен бала алды деп,
Арланбан да, шамданбан.
Дуа тиген Майлыбай,
Енді бастап сөйлейін
Ожырай, Кете елімнен,
Елімде өткен бай менен
Қайтпайтын жаудан ерімнен.
Дау дегенде желіккен,
Кілең мықты серімнен,
Дербісәлі, Сүлекең,
Кетенің биі данасы,
Халқымның қорған панасы.
Әулие өткен жан еді,
Үлгі болған халқыма
Керемет үгіт, санасы.
Ел бастығы ер еді,
Ерлер мен биім көп еді.
Ежелден-ақ  Майлыбай
Мақтауыма сиятын,
Аузыма толы сөз еді.
Ақынды айтсам мақтанам:
Жастілеу мен Бақберген
Тасыған судай қаптаған,
Майлыбайдай ерім көп,
Елді берік сақтаған.
Білімі артық биім көп
Екіталай жерлерде
Елдің сөзін бастаған.
Малы өріске сыймаған
Сан жетпейді байларым.
Ақ сүйектің ұлындай
Елден озған паңдарым,
Таршылықта жол тауып,
Орындаған арманын.
Осынымның бәрі рас,
Айтпаймын сөздің жалғанын.
Көпті көрген көнемін,
Біраз жерден қармадым.
Екіталай кезеңде
Қабады жайын қармағым,
Ежелден ақын үлгілі,
Мен –Майлыбайдың бұлбұлы,
Басады, балам, салмағым.

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